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Morphine

(British) UK Trade name products which contain morphine include: Injections:- (Morphine & Atropine injection BP) (Morphine & Hyoscine injection BPc) (Morphine Hydrochloride injection) (Morphine Sulphate injection) (Morphine Sulphate Epidural injection)

Mixtures & Elixirs:-

(Morphine & Cocaine Elixir BPc) (Morphine Cocaine & Chlorpromazine Elixir BPc) Solutions:- (Morphine Hydrochloride Solution BPc) Suppositories:- (Morphine Suppositories)

Tablets:- (Morphine Sulphate Tabs)

Preparations of Morphine + its salts:- (Cyclimorph) (Duromorph) (Omnopon injection) (Sevredol) (SRM-Rhotard tabs) (MST continus) (Oramorph) (MST continus Tabs) (Nepenthe oral solution)

(American) US Trade name products which contain morphine include: (M.O.S.) (S.R.) (Roxanol) (M S Contin) (Astramorph) (Astramorph Pf) (Duramorph) (Epimorph) (M.O.S.-S.R.) (Morphine H.P.) (Morphitec) (Msir) (Rms Uniserts) (Roxanol 100) (Roxanol Sr) (Statex)

INDICATION

A narcotic pain medication, available in oral, injectable, suppository, and oral suspension forms, used for the treatment of severe pain. Recent developments have made longer acting oral morphine containing medications. These medications have become the standard in treatment of pain seen in cancer patients and myocardial infarction.

SIDE EFFECTS

Sedation, decreased sensorium, euphoria, seizures, dizziness, nightmares, low blood pressure, decreased heart rate, nausea, vomiting, constipation, intestinal blockage, urine retention (cannot void), respiratory depression (slowing of breathing), itching, and addiction.

INTERACTIONS and PRECAUTIONS

  1. Use with alcohol, sedatives, tricyclic antidepressants, antihistamines, muscle relaxants, or other narcotic analgesics can increase the sedative effects.

USUAL DOSE

Adults: 10-30 mg every four hours for most dosage forms.

Paediatrics: dosage must be individualised.

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