N.A.S.S Dingwall Branch Information
Osteoporosis refers to the
natural demineralisation (loss of calcium) and loss of bone mass
over time. This leads to a progressive weakening of the bones.
This condition is more common in females, particularly during the
RISK FACTORS FOR OSTEOPOROSIS
- Small, thin-framed white or
Asian females reaching menopause.
- Sedentary lifestyle.
- Chronically ingesting
inadequate amounts of calcium.
POSSIBLE RISK FACTORS
- Family history of hip
- Excessive alcohol use.
- High protein diet
(increases urine calcium loss).
There are no common symptoms of
osteoporosis. Early detection is difficult and often diagnosed at
the time of bone fracture. Special x-ray tests are being studied
to determine their effectiveness in diagnosing osteoporosis. CT
scanning of the bones has also been a modality used to assess the
extent of bony demineralisation and bone density.
- Exercise is important to
help maintain skeletal strength.
- Dietary calcium
supplements. Calcium carbonate (Rolaids) tablets contain
40% calcium and are considered the least expensive
supplemental form of calcium.
- Vitamin D enhances calcium
absorption from the intestine.
- Oestrogen supplementation
in the postmenopausal female remains the single best way
to stop or slow postmenopausal bone loss.
- Hormone therapy with
calcitonin has been used in some cases (expensive and
- Sodium fluoride treatments
may encourage "new" bone growth, but this is
currently is not an accepted form of treatment.
Treatment with Herbs