OF WASSELLS, WHELPS and KENNEDYS- Genealogy, naval history and assassination all in one website!
INTRODUCTION / "DEALEY PLAZA ECHO"ARTICLE / WC HUMOUR / UNANSWERED QUESTIONS
Yes, I can remember what I was doing when I heard that President Kennedy had been shot- I was watching the TV with my parents.
I was making an Airfix kit in my bedroom when my mother came and told me that a TV newsflash said that shots had been fired in Dallas, but I carried on with my modelmaking. Shortly after, I joined my parents to watch the BBC evening news- which came on at 8pm as I recall. The news started with the announcement that Kennedy was dead, which gave us quite a shock.......
My "A" level exams included US history to 1865 and I was studying at the time of the Garrison "investigation" and the publication, with much hype, of Mark Lane's "Rush to Judgement". I got a copy from my local library (I recall being either 2nd or 3rd on the waiting list!) but did not understand most of it and gave up half-way through.
After that, I had very little knowledge of, or interest in, the JFK assassination until 1988 when I videotaped the programmes shown at the time of the 25th anniversary just to have something to watch as I was doing a lot of late working at the time. I did not understand the layout of Dealey Plaza and began to read up on the subject......
"What a way to die.......shot by a transvestite on an unrealistic grassy knoll"
Edmund Blackadder (Blackadder The Third- Amy and Amiability)
2. DEALEY PLAZA ECHO ARTICLE- with updates.
The following is a slightly updated reprint of an article that was published in volume 1, issue 2 of "The Dealey Plaza Echo" (November 1996) the research journal of "Dealey Plaza UK" a British research group of which I am a member (1998 vice-chairman no less!) I reproduce it here for personal vanity and to show that I have some understanding of the topic.
"DANCE OF THE RAILROAD MEN" CONSIDERED
This paper was presented by Dr. Rose at the Second Research Conference of "The Third Decade" in June 1993 and was reprinted in the November 1995 edition of "The Fourth Decade" (Vol.3 #1). Rose focuses on the actions and testimonies of the two Dallas Police Department officers who were posted on the "triple overpass". He points out that one officer was posted on each side of the overpass which meant that each officer had to control both ends of the overpass on his side- at first sight an inefficient arrangement. Rose questions their motives in allowing the gross breach of motorcade security that occurred when railroad employees were allowed to gather on the overpass, most of them directly over Elm Street. Rose also discusses officer J.C.White's statement that he did not hear anything as a long and noisy freight train was passing his location at the time of the shooting.
The ensuing correspondence between Rose and Howard Platzman (TFD Vol.3 #4 & #5) misses the key issue raised by Officer White's mention of the noisy train. In a criminal investigation any statement by a witness that is not corroborated by other evidence should surely be pursued, even if it proves to be irrelevant or inconsequential. This paper and the subsequent correspondence led me to review in some depth my interest in events in and around the railroad yards:
The positioning of officers White and Foster has a commonsense explanation given that only two officers were allocated to the triple overpass- they would not have to cross the railroad tracks. The claim that there were people working on the tracks when the officers arrived was to some extent corroborated by Lee Bowers (of whom more later) who testified to the presence of four people working on the tracks- a signals man, two welders and a welders' laborer.
White was questioned by Joseph Ball on April 9, 1964 1. Ball probably recalled his questioning of Harold Norman on March 24 during which Norman stated that there was no noise from a train on November 22, in contrast to the reconstruction of events that Norman attended 2. Only two days before he questioned White, Ball had deposed Officer E. V. Brown 3. Train movements as obstructions to vision (although not during the assassination) were mentioned 4. Brown was recalled on April 8 5 to clear up some confusion as to precisely which overpass Brown was on. On both occasions Brown stated that he saw only the two officers on the triple underpass6. If Ball had any doubts about the train that White claimed had obstructed both his view and his hearing Ball could have questioned the signalman on duty at the time. Surely Ball would have remembered the signalman- Lee Bowers- as he had already given his testimony on April 2nd. To Ball 7.
Ball had also questioned DPD Officer Joe Murphy on April 8 - a witness who had the triple overpass between him and Dealey Plaza yet heard shots and gave an accurate description of the people on the overpass 8. These testimonies are contradictory, which at least rules out collusion between White and Murphy.
The "through" tracks were located (as they still are) on White's side of the overpass so if White was correct about the train he would not have seen or heard anything during the assassination- end of story. He saw the limousine after it emerged from the underpass 9, so he cannot be relating the passage of a train sometime before the motorcade to the actual event due to inattention. He confirms the presence of the railroad workers10 so he is not trying to cover that up. White would not have been able to see the limousine once it began to descend on Elm Street. If he had a problem with the number of shots why not just go along with the three-shot consensus that had developed by the time he was deposed, or just say he didn't hear them? Perhaps he wanted to pre-empt any inquiry into what he saw. His assignment was to watch for people moving onto the overpass from either end.
His location gave a view across the rail yards past the angled abutment and the junction boxes towards Bower's signal tower. The skylines and upper floors of the buildings around Dealey Plaza were also visible. Why not just say that he did not see anything suspicious? If he was worried that such a statement might be contradicted by another witness why make a false statement that could be checked out?
The above descriptions of the views from White's side of the overpass come from personal experience. I visited Dealey Plaza in March 1995 and was able to cross to White's side of the overpass as the new "DART" rail line was still under construction.
I cannot see White in the photograph taken by Mel McIntyre (reproduced below)
Associated Press photographer James Altgens is the only named person to have been refused access to the overpass. Austin Miller did refer to a young man who came from "around behind that parking lot" and was refused access by the police officer as he was not a railroad employee11. (Is it possible that this person, or anyone else who was refused access in Holland's presence, would conclude that Holland was a Secret Service agent?) Altgens' detailed testimony includes his version of the conversation he had with a police officer on the overpass at about 11:15am:
"...My original assignment was to make a pictorial scene of the caravan with the Dallas skyline in the background and the triple overpass was selected as the site for making that picture, and when I arrived on the triple overpass there was no one up there but two uniformed policemen and one of the uniformed policemen came over to me and asked if I was a railroad employee and I told him, "No", and I showed him my press tag and told him I had a Department of Public Safety ID card showing I was connected with the AP-- Associated Press, and he said, "Well, I'm sorry, but this is private property. It belongs to the railroad and only railroad employees are permitted on this property". And, I explained to him that this was a public event and I thought I would be privileged to make a picture from that area, and he says, "No. This is private property and no one but railroad personnel are permitted in this area".
Altgens appears to have approached the overpass from the Commerce Street side as he "proceeded on across the triple overpass into the parking lot which is just behind the Book Depository.."12
"THE RIDE OF THE DPD MEN"
Even if Foster and White were in error in allowing the railroad workers to congregate over Elm Street there were opportunities for their error to be corrected prior to the arrival of the Presidential limousine:
1. DPD Captain Perdue Lawrence (Accident Prevention Bureau) was given the task of organising traffic control for the motorcade, including the manning of the various overpasses along the route13. At Love Field Lawrence decided, on his own initiative14, to drive the motorcade route ahead of the "pilot" car driven by Deputy Chief Lumpkin to check that the traffic control units were in place. He listened in to DPD radio channel 2 and stopped to speak to police units at several intersections15. The precise time of his transit of Dealey Plaza is not known but could not have taken place before the railroad workers began to congregate on the overpass. Lawrence did not report any breach of motorcade security at the overpass.
2. Now standing at the intersection of Main and Houston, Altgens noticed the presence of several spectators on the overpass as he watched the departure of an ambulance taking the victim of a suspected epileptic seizure to Parkland Hospital. He pointedly remarked on their presence to an adjacent DPD motor tricycle sergeant who replied "well, I suppose they are railroad people".16 It would appear from this remark and from those of Altgens' policeman on the overpass (Foster) that the presence of railroad personnel on the overpass was acceptable to the police in advance of the arrival of the motorcade.
The sergeant was D.V. Harkness, whose first reaction to the shooting was to mount his motor tricycle and ride down Main to observe the area between Industrial Boulevard and the railroad tracks because someone (he could not remember who) had indicated that the shots came from some point in front of the cars17. Harkness and H.A. Innon, another motor tricycle officer, were filmed by Robert Hughes as they sped off18. Unfortunately his questioner, David Belin, had started off by asking Harkness where he was "at about 12:30" 19 which cut out any reference to prior events such as the "epileptic" incident and the matter of the workmen on the overpass. Altgens stated that the main body of the motorcade came into view on Main Street immediately after the ambulance disappeared in the underpass20. This incident thus occurred before the arrival in Dealey Plaza of the pilot car, which F.M Turner (one of the pilot car occupants) noted was at Main and Griffin when Turner saw the motorcade turn on to Main from Harwood21.
3. The five occupants of the pilot car (DPD Deputy Chief Lumpkin, DPD detectives B.L Senkel and F.M Turner, Lt. Col. Whitmeyer (US Army) and Jack Puterbaugh22) also did not consider that a breach of security had occurred at the overpass and so did not warn the motorcade by radio. Lumpkin reported that the pilot car actually stopped at the corner of Elm and Houston to advise the officers there that the motorcade was 2 to 3 minutes behind the pilot car23. Of the five occupants of the pilot car only one, DPD detective F.M. Turner, was deposed by the Warren Commission and the question of overpass security was not raised24. In their reports both Turner25 and Senkel indicate that they believed Puterbaugh (to whom they were evidently not introduced) to be a Secret Service agent. Senkel wrote "..Lumpkin told us that there would be a Secret Service agent riding with us from Love Field" 26. Lumpkin himself reported that Sorrels and Lawson introduced "Mr. Jack Putervaugh" (sic) as "a member of the White House staff" with the request that he ride in the pilot car27. Puterbaugh, in fact representing the Democratic National Committee28, evidently wanted to arrive at the Trade Mart ahead of the motorcade. Lumpkin's earlier introductions were also somewhat casual - Turner and Senkel refer to "The Army Major" and "Major Weiddemeyer" 29.
It seems to be common for men in suits to be mistaken for Secret Service or FBI agents (or even railroad detectives!) even when they don't try to pass themselves off as such.
DPD Chief Jesse Curry was under the impression that there was a Secret Service presence in the pilot car as late as his first testimony to the Warren Commission30. He was also unaware of the presence of two of his own detectives in the car. These misconceptions were however corrected by 1969 when he published his "Assassination File" 31. There is nothing sinister in Curry not knowing exactly who was in the pilot car as he had delegated this function to Lumpkin. It did not help his credibility however to have the Warren Commission establish that he was in error.
4. Three DPD motorcycle officers formed an "Advance" party. Consisting of officers J.B. Garrick and G.C. McBride under the command of Sgt. S.Q. Bellah32 this group did not radio back any breach of security on the overpass. It is doubtful if McBride would have noticed the men on the overpass anyway as he was having his picture taken by spectator Mary Moorman, a friend since High School33. The Warren Commission did not take the testimony of any of these officers.
Next came the five men of the "Lead" group of DPD motorcycle officers under the command of Sergeant Ellis34. Officers E.D. Brewer and H.R Freeman pulled ahead35 just before the intersection of Main and Houston and took the motorcade route up on to Stemmons, where they helped to cut northbound traffic prior to the arrival of the motorcade. Again, no breach of security reported at the overpass. Brewer gave testimony to the Warren Commission- discussed below. Sergeant Ellis and the remaining officers, W.G. Lumpkin and L.E. Gray, can be seen in the first segment of the Zapruder film. Gray and Ellis ride close to the curbs36 to clear spectators back onto the sidewalks, while Lumpkin spots a couple of friends ahead at the left curb of Elm Street......
Chapter 6 of James Bowles' monograph on the acoustical (sic) evidence is devoted to the recollections of some of the motorcycle "jockeys" and a civilian witness, whose wife was a niece of Officer "A". He does not give their names in order to discourage further contacts from "investigators ranging from official to insufferable quacks"37
Officer "A" is readily identifiable as Sgt. Ellis from Bowles' comments38
"If we see anything that looks in any way wrong, we radio back to the command car and they hold up the motorcade until it's checked out. That's nothing new. I was about half way down the hill on Elm toward the Triple Underpass, going very slow, so slow it was actually a walking speed - you have to put your feet down to stay up- and periodically, you had to stop a moment. As I looked ahead I saw one officer on the overpass over Elm, and some civilians, and wondered who the civilians were because they weren't suppose(d) to be up there. But since an officer was with them, and another officer was assigned up there too, I supposed it was all right. They all appeared to be calm and orderly." 39
He goes on to describe the shooting - three shots - a bullet hits the curb near him - and his belief that no shot came from the "grassy knoll". He recalled "Just before the shooting started, I passed my niece, her husband and their children. They were standing on the grassy knoll, just north of Elm Street and near where the President was when the second shot was fired".
Officer "B" is identifiable as W.G. Lumpkin. Another friend of Mary Moorman from their High School days, Lumpkin also had his picture taken as he descended Elm Street40. His recollection of the shots matches those of Ellis.
These officers seem to have moved off remarkably promptly after the shooting. The Bell film shows them in line abreast (with the centre and left-hand riders close together) already well beyond the underpass as the Presidential Limousine enters the underpass. A photograph by Mel McIntyre (TRASK p.475) also shows the (apparently) sedate progress of the three officers -in the same relative positions as they bear right towards Stemmons - as tragedy unfolds behind them. Again, no problem with overpass security. The Warren Commission did not take the testimony of any of these officers.
Civilian "L" in Bowles' work must be William Newman from Ellis' description and "L's" recollections41
Of the five "Lead" officers, only Brewer was deposed by the Warren Commission42. The questioning related to his return to Dealey Plaza, the source of his 12:38 radio message, and subsequent events. The overpass matter was not raised. Nor was the story behind the posed photograph taken later that afternoon (by Jack Beers) of Brewer looking at a manhole cover beside Elm Street . In addition to the above officers, motor tricycle officer B. Jones, moving from his original assignment at Cedar and Olive44 to the Trade Mart, motored along Elm (a roundabout route between these points!) as the Presidential limousine moved down Main. He heard sirens while on the Stemmons entrance ramp and stopped to let the motorcade past. Again, no problem with overpass security in his recollections. Neither the three DPD officers at the intersection of Main and Houston (B.J. Fox, C.E. Lewis and W.H. Denham45) nor the motor tricycle officer assigned to patrol Houston between Main and Elm (H.A. Innon46) were deposed. The three officers at Elm and Houston were not deposed until late July 1964. Both J.M. Smith47 and W.E. Barnett48 told Liebeler that they only saw two officers on the overpass. The next day (July 24) when asked by Liebeler if he could see the overpass, E.L. Smith answered by stating that he had seen "some officers" up there49.
Other witnesses who did see the railroad workers on the overpass include officer M.L. Baker50, Arnold Rowland51, Phil Willis52 and Clint Hill53.
The occupants of the Lead car were the first to react to the breach of security. By then it was far too late for the people on the overpass to be moved before the President arrived. Lawson tried to signal Foster to move the men away54, but could not even get Foster's attention from inside the car.
WILLIAM GREER (Secret Service driver of the presidential limousine)
The breach of security that occurred on the overpass can be judged by a glance at the photo by Tom Dillard or the uncropped version of James Altgens' famous photo.. Greer described his concern when he saw the crowd on the overpass to Walt Brown55. This marks a recovery from the apparent memory loss concerning people on the overpass which afflicted him during his testimony on March 9, 1964 which includes the following exchange near the end:
Mr. CRAIG. Do you believe if you had observed people on the overpass at that time you would now remember it?.
Mr. GREER. Yes, sir; I believe I would; yes, sir.56
ROY KELLERMAN (Secret Service - seated beside Greer)
Senator COOPER. Could you tell whether anybody was standing on top of the viaduct, or did you observe?.
Mr. KELLERMAN. I didn't notice anybody up there at all, sir. 57
Neither Greer nor Kellerman knew the motorcade route. As a result, Greer had no choice but to slow down if the Lead car did. The Lead car slowed on the approach to the overpass as the occupants saw a breach of security: it's brake lights can be seen in the last frames of the Zapruder film as it enters the underpass. It was, in my opinion, the Lead car that gave rise to the witness perception of "car stopping during shooting".
S. M. HOLLAND
What would Foster and White have done if Holland had not approached them? They should have refused access to all persons and at most only allowed workers to remain if they continued to work during the motorcade. I think they intended that Holland should identify those workers, but Holland assumed that anyone with a right to be on railway property could come on to the overpass to watch the motorcade. He may have spread the word back at the terminal- "go on up there boys, I'll be there to ID you for the policemen..." By 1966 Holland was claiming that "one of his employees even saw the muzzle flash".58 Holland was well aware that he should not have been on the overpass- the best form of defense is attack!
Officer Clyde Haygood testified59 that, on reaching the overpass, he spoke to a man he presumed to be a railroad detective. This incident was photographed from a press bus by Harry Cabluck. There are five or six men visible on the overpass, the one nearest to Haygood wearing a business suit and hat. As Haygood could not remember anything of his conversation60 I think that he based his presumption on the man's appearance and actions. The Altgens and Dillard photos referred to above both show a man with suit, tie and hat on the far left side of the Elm Street section of the overpass.
It is possible that Haygood mistook Holland for a railroad detective. This could have happened if Holland was not as quick to move into the car park as he thought and his movement gave rise to Haygood's testimony "He was just coming into the area after I was" 61, which is consistent with the movement made by the man in the interval between the Dillard and Cabluck photographs. Holland does not refer to such a meeting but nor does he (or any other overpass witness) mention anyone approaching from the rail yards/car park area at the time that the railroad detective must have done. A railroad detective was unlikely to have come from the Commerce Street side of the overpass in time to be pictured by Altgens and Dillard without being noticed by anyone on the overpass (especially J.C. White, unless there really was a train!). There was no report of a railroad detective there before or after the shooting by anyone except Haygood. However, it is possible that he could have arrived in the car park area just as the shooting started without being seen by Bowers or those overpass witnesses who moved off in the general direction of the TSBD. In that case he would have been a key witness (identifiable by and perhaps even known to the men who remained on the overpass).
I bought a reasonably-priced (!) copy of Josiah Thompson's "Six Seconds In Dallas" after I wrote this article, and read that Thompson had interviewed Holland and got Holland to re-enact his movements on 22 November 1963. I was peeved to find that Thompson reproduces the Dillard photograph identifying the man described above as Holland!
Basic lesson for all "JFK" researchers, students, buffs or whatever- most of the answers are there if you could read all the published matter! (unless you KNOW what happened and are only looking for confirmation thereof.....)
It should be noted that Holland and Foster testified that they did not move into the car park area immediately after the shooting- confirmed by the fact that both men can be seen through gaps in the overpass balustrade in a Frank Cancellare photo taken a couple of minutes after the shooting (in which Haygood stands on the balustrade and numerous spectators have arrived at the scene). Holland's head is clearly visible in one gap and a portion of a DPD officer can be seen in another gap.
-Another "object" lesson for budding photo interpreters- I was reasonably sure that the officer seen through the balustrade was wearing a DPD motorcycle helmet (which, if correct, would have had interesting implications). I wrote to "Pictures of the Pain" author Richard Trask, who kindly replied with a convincing explanation of the apparent helmet as a DPD shoulder patch- the officer (Foster) being closer to the balustrade than I thought.
Oh, double *****!
It seems that there was at least one railroad detective nearby at some time before the assassination. Officer E.V. Brown, on the T&P overpass, testified "We made no contact with anyone except one of the railroad detectives come up there and talked to us" when asked if he had kept people off that overpass62.
Bowers testified in detail about events he witnessed from the North signal tower. He made detailed observations concerning the various people and cars he saw in the vicinity and yet makes no reference to any of the railroad workers known to have been on the overpass. Bowers does refer to two railroad employees- a "signal man" and a "laborer's assistant" 63. The other two workers he does describe64 (welders from a Fort Worth welding company) are not found in the group listed by Rose. How ironic- two of the men Foster and White found working on the tracks were not actually railroad employees! Bowers accurately described the positioning of the two DPD officers65, which implies either that he was aware of the security arrangements in the vicinity at the time or had learned of them prior to his deposition.
As part of the motorcade preparations DPD Captain Lawrence had contacted the relevant railroad companies66 to have train movements halted during the motorcade at points where tracks crossed the motorcade route at "grade crossings". Did this include the tracks on the overpass? If not then White's train cannot be ruled out. The subject does not arise during Bower's testimony. Bowers did say that he did not notice where the last car he saw moving around the car park went as he was "busy"67. Bowers described a motorcycle officer as riding up the embankment to the overpass68. This did not occur- Haygood describes how he failed to mount the curb- but is an understandable error as Bowers would have seen only Haygood's head and shoulders rising beyond the picket fence as Haygood ran to the overpass.
At first glance it appears to be a good idea for a conspiracy to arrange for the motorcade to be slowed down in the area chosen for the kill. Achieving this by creating a security breach on the overpass would have relied totally on there being no reaction whatsoever from either the advance elements of the motorcade or from any of the fixed security assignments in sight of the overpass. This ploy would also rely on the Presidential Limousine slowing down in response to the threat. To set this up in advance would require either a wide-ranging conspiracy of deliberate inaction or a gamble on the lack of reaction from all these people. I suspect that any assassin or assassins who intended to use a rifle to kill their target while on Elm Street would prefer the predictable steady acceleration from the Houston/Elm turn to an unpredictable reaction from the driver, whether slowing or accelerating in reponse to a breach of security.
Could it be that the slowing of the limousine caught the assassin(s) unawares requiring additional shots? Perhaps a single shot from the rear into the heart (to the left of the spine) was intended, but the deceleration of the limousine resulted in the right-of-spine back wound. This hit may not have been seen by the assassin and there was no immediate indication that JFK had been mortally hit. As JFK began to slump to his left, his head would have presented the best chance of a kill to the assassin(s), now aided by the slowing of the limousine.
One is left to wonder if a Secret Service presence in the pilot car would have led to the motorcade being held up or even aborted if the people on the overpass could not be cleared in the 2 or 3 minute lead time. At this time the motorcade was on Main Street. This would have created a security problem if the motorcade had come to a halt in the huge crowd of spectators on Main where there was no easy escape via the blocked intersections.
The work load on the Warren Commission staff and the deposition of witnesses months after the event meant that many leads and contradictory statements were not followed up as they should have been during a properly and promptly conducted criminal investigation. The Commission also failed to seek out and take evidence from people who were mentioned in the depositions that were taken. Examples in this context are Deputy Chief Lumpkin, Jack Puterbaugh, Sgt. Ellis and at least one railroad detective. Another example with (perhaps) some relevance is the remarkable set of questions asked of Howard Brennan by David Belin, including one about "smoke and paper wadding coming out of boxes on a slope below the railroad trestle" 69.
References to the 26 volumes of hearings and exhibits of "THE PRESIDENT'S COMMISSION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF PRESIDENT KENNEDY" (aka "THE WARREN COMMISSION") are shown by volume and page, eg. 6.253 = volume 6, page 253.
BOWLES = James C. Bowles. "The Kennedy assassination tapes: A rebuttal to the acoustical evidence".
BROWN = Walt Brown. "Treachery in Dallas". Carroll & Graf, 1995
CURRY = Jesse E. Curry. "Retired Dallas Police Chief Jesse Curry reveals his personal JFK Assassination File". American Poster and Printing Co., 1969.
TRASK = Richard B. Trask. "Pictures of the Pain". Yeoman Press, 1994
DPD PAPERS = "The JFK Assassination- The Dallas Papers". (CD-ROM: 2 disks) DFW Multimedia, Addison, Texas. References in the form "dpd-xxx" are to the relevant "Bitmap" files on disk 1 for direct access using suitable software, eg. MSPAINT or PAINTBRUSH. This article was written before the volumes of exhibits to the "Warren Commission" were issued on CD-ROM by L.M.P. Systems. Copies of the documents referred to here were also reproduced as exhibits by the WC. These sources given as few people have access to the actual volumes!
2 - 3.196
3 - 6.231
4 - 6.233
5 - 6.234
6 - 6.234 & 6.235-236
7 - 6.284
8 - 6.257/258
9 - 6.255
11 - 6.226
12 - 7.516
14 - 7.582
15 - 7.582
16 - 7.524
17 - 6.309/310
18 - "Presidential Parade Detail" p.6 (dpd-300) Innon's second assignment is "Patrol Houston- Main to Elm"
19 - 6.309
20 - 7.524
21 - F.M. Turner- "Report of officer's duties in regards to the president's murder" p.1 (dpd-900)
22 - B.L. Senkel- statement p.2 (dpd-896)
23 - "Chronological report of events......" p.20 (dpd-331) Submitted to Curry and signed by Batchelor, Lumpkin and Stevenson p.34 (dpd-346)
24 - 7.217
25 - F.M. Turner- "Report.." p.1; 7.218
26 - B.L. Senkel.. p.1 (dpd-895)
27 - "Chronological report of events....." p.19 (dpd-330)
28 - HSCA 11.517
29 - F.M. Turner.. p.1; B.L. Senkel.. p.1; 7.218; 4.170
30 - 4.170
31 - CURRY p.24
32 - "Presidential Parade Detail" p.2 (dpd-296)
33 - TRASK p.233
34 - "Presidential Parade Detail" p.1 (dpd-295)
35 - "Presidential Parade Detail" p.1 (dpd-295); 6.303
36 - TRASK p.234
37 - BOWLES p.108
38 - BOWLES pp. 49/50
39 - BOWLES pp109-111
40 - TRASK p.234 / BOWLES p.112
41 - BOWLES pp.137/138
42 - 6.302
43 - CURRY p.57
44 - Jones' assignments on p.4 of "Presidential Parade Detail" (dpd-298) match BOWLES Officer "G" p.128
45 - "Presidential Parade Detail" p.5 (dpd-299)
46 - see note 18 above
47 - 7.536
48 - 7.541
49 - 7.567
50 - 3.268 - Baker was observant enough to note them despite his interest in the Book Depository. Odd that he saw the pigeons fly up yet did not see the rifle, unlike Euins and Worrall.
51 - 2.178 (includes 3 women!)
52 - 7.497
53 - 2.140
55 - BROWN pp.50/51 see also p.135
56 - 2.130
57 - 2.100
58 - Sylvia Meagher: "Accessories After The Fact" ( Vintage Books ed.1992) p.18- footnote
59 - 6.298
60 - 6.298
62 - 6.232
63 - 6.287
64 - 6.287
65 - 6.287
66 - "Chronological report of events.." p.12 (dpd-322)
67 - 6.286 (busy doing what? his job?- which implies railroad movements at this time, making coffee? a crossword puzzle?)
68 - 6.288
69 - 7.211
3. WC HUMOUR
Extracts from the "Warren Commission" hearings that may amuse you. (or may not if you were a US taxpayer in 1964)
Mr. HOLMES. I watched for hours from that vantage point up there with my binoculars, hoping I would see someone running across the railroad tracks, or maybe that I could get word to the police as to where they were, because it was like a birdseye view of the panorama of the whole area.
Mr. BELIN. Did you see anyone run across the railroad track?
Mr. HOLMES. No. I saw nothing suspicious and I am a trained suspicioner. (7.292)
Mr. DECKER. I was chief deputy sheriff for Dallas County 14 years prior to that. Prior to that I was chief deputy constable since 1924, prior to that I was in the courthouse as a court clerk and prior to that I was elevator operator in the courthouse. Now, that's it--that's my life.
Mr. HUBERT. You started really at the bottom you might say, and went up?
Mr. DECKER. Yes, sir. (12.43)
Domingo Benavides tries to describe Tippit's killer.....
Mr. BELIN. You say he is my size, my weight, and my color hair?
Mr. BENAVIDES. He kind of looks like---well, his hair was a little bit curlier.
Mr. BELIN. Anything else about him that looked like me.
Mr. BENAVIDES. No. that is all.
Mr. BELIN. What about his skin? Was he fair complexioned or dark complexioned?
Mr. BENAVIDES. He wasn't dark.
Mr. BELIN. Average complexion?
Mr. BENAVIDES. No; a little bit darker than average.
Mr. BELIN. My complexion?
Mr. BENAVIDES. I wouldn't say that any more. I would say he is about your complexion, sir. Of course he looked, his skin looked a little bit ruddier than mine.
Mr. BELIN. His skin looked ruddier than mine? I might say for the record, that I was not in Dallas on November 22, 1963.
Mr. BENAVIDES. No, just your size.
Mr. BELIN. Did he look like me?
Mr. BENAVIDES. No; your face, not your face, but just your size.
Mr. BELIN. Okay, well, I thank you. I was flying from St. Louis to Des Moines, Iowa. at about this time. Is there anything else? (6.451)
Mr. BELIN. Mrs. Davis, how long have you been married?
Mrs. DAVIS. Seven months.
Mr. BELIN. Any children? (6.455)
Mr. STATMAN. Well, that's true. When this FBI man came in, and I can't think of his name I've got his card, but I probably cleaned my nails with it, but anyway, he came in and asked for a copy of, or the actual documents, and we told........ (10.150)
4. UNANSWERED QUESTIONS
My interest in the assassination of President Kennedy has thrown up numerous points on which I have been unable to find an answer. I would be most grateful for any comments, views or even convincing answers! I suspect that many of the matters listed below do not relate to any conspiracy and have reasonable explanations.....
1. Whose photo. was on Tippit's clipboard?
2. Why was DPD Captain Perdue Lawrence asked about DPD officer J.B Allen (7.586)? Allen was not on the "Presidential parade" duty roster.
3. Who was the DPD motor tricycle officer stationed on Main Street just beyond (west of..) the overpass? The unattended motor tricycle and some traffic cones appear to block Main Street (as seen in the Bell film).
4. Why did J.D. Tippit wear three identity bracelets? (one on each wrist and one on left ankle at autopsy)
5. Has the laundry mark on Oswald's alleged jacket ever been traced?
6. Is it just coincidence that Roger Craig's Nash Rambler driver resembles descriptions of Tippit's killer? (black hair and light jacket)
7. Was Jack Ruby referring to J.D. Tippit when he told Captain Fritz that he felt bad when Officer "Slick" was killed? (CE 2078)
8. Why does DPD Officer Baker refer to fellow solo motorcycle officer J.W. Williams as being in the motorcade? (it appears from the transcript of DPD Channel 2 that Williams escorted the Dallas reception committee from Love Field directly to the Trade Mart - transmission just before 12.03 time check by #162, Williams). Did Baker mean J.W. Courson, who was in the escort?
9. What was discussed off-the-record by Sgt. Owens and Ely (7.82) regarding Officer J.L. "Angel" ? (actually Angell, one of Tippit's colleagues in the Southwest Area 2nd Platoon)
10. Is any contemporary photo of Ted Callaway available? As he was seen to depart in Scoggin's cab while holding a revolver, some witnesses may be describing him as Tippit's killer. Were Callaway or Scoggins ever given any public recognition for their action- one of the few creditable acts on that day?
11. Why did Oswald assume (according to Roger Craig, 6.270/71) that Captain Fritz was referring to Ruth Paine's station wagon ? Note that Fritz did not mention Paine or the make- Paine's car was not a Rambler.
12. Has the DPD motorcycle officer that Harry Olsen said was related to the owner of the property Olsen was guarding on 22 November been identified?
13. From whom did Inspector Sawyer get information that led him to describe the rifle as a "Winchester" or ".30-30"- both of which imply a lever-action rifle with a tube magazine under the barrel, not a bolt-action rifle. None of the known witness descriptions are specific enough to be the basis of Sawyer's description.
14. Is there a more complete transcript (or a recording) of the Dallas County Sheriff's radio transmissions than the one in the "Hearings"?
15. Ditto for transcripts/recordings of FBI or Secret Service radio transmissions, eg. the one made by FBI agent Bardwell Odum describing the rifle in Lt. Day's possession. "..He radioed in what it was to the FBI over the air" said Day - 4.264.
16. How certain can we be that the "Harper Fragment" was not a hoax?
17. Was there any railroad activity in the rail yards just prior to the arrival of the motorcade in Dealey Plaza?
18. The tracing by Ida Dox of the autopsy photo of the back of JFK's head shows an object in the hair just above the neck in far less detail than the actual photo. The drawing makes it seem to be a piece of body tissue, but in the photo it is clearly a metallic object. It appears to be made of wire of about paper-clip thickness. As it is situated at the level of, and to the right of the external occipital protruberance, I think that it passes through the skull at the entrance wound as described by Humes and may be part of the reconstruction of the skull. I have not found any discussion of this artefact, even in Lifton's "Best Evidence".
19. Could Tippit's phone call from the "Top Ten" record store shortly before his death have been an attempt to contact the DPD dispatcher as Tippit's radio calls were being ignored?
-At this very time DPD Officer William Duane Mentzel was also trying to get through by telephone from Lubys Cafeteria, 430 West Jefferson, finally getting an answer about 1:00 pm (see Commission Exhibit CE2645 pages 2 and 12/13). Mentzel was patrol officer for area 91- the area in which Tippit was killed - and was on a meal break at the time. The two officers were only a short distance apart at the time- "Top Ten Records" was (and still is) located at 338 West Jefferson.
20. Has the (remote) possibility been considered that Tippit was killed in revenge for the shooting in 1956 of one Leonard Garland by Tippit and his partner? Garland (drunk) tried to shoot the officers but forgot to release the safety catch of his gun...
21. Despite the general use by J.D. Tippit of "initials only", three "Notice of Injury while on duty" forms in the Dallas Police archives are typed up "John D. Tippit", one of which has been signed by Tippit. (he was stabbed in the knee with an icepick in 1956- an eventful year for him!). Can anyone confirm this name?
22. There were two social processes affecting the Dallas Police Department in 1963- the beginnings of integration and the formation (in 1959) of the Dallas Police Association. As both of these were highly divisive would they have had any adverse effect on DPD efficiency in 1963 in terns of creating two opposing camps? If you share the belief that the DPD was an all-white bastion of segregation in 1963 you are in for a surprise- read the first two lines of WC volume 5, page 36. See also CE 2645 in which two of the patrolmen sent to Dealey Plaza are noted as being negroes. The officers in question were Emmitt Hill and Donald A. Stafford of the Patrol Division.
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