Psychology of learning mathematics
Guilford's 'structure of intellect' model
- Figural - the properties of stimuli we can experience
through the senses e.g. colour, loudness, shape, texture.
- Symbolic - numbers, letters, symbols, designs.
- Semantic - the meaning of words, ideas.
- Behavioural - the actions and expressions of people.
- Cognition - recognizing and discovering.
- Memory - retaining and recalling the contents of thought.
- Divergent production - producing a variety of ideas or
solutions to a problem.
- Convergent production - producing a single best solution
to a problem.
- Evalution - deciding whether the intellectual contents
are positive or negative, good or bad etc.
Gross (1992, p.846, after Shaffer 1985)
and Orton (1992, pp.117-118)
- Units - a single number, letter or word.
- Classes - a higher order concept (e.g. men + women =
- Relations - a connection between concepts.
- Systems - an ordering or classification of relations.
- Transformation - altering or restructuring intellectual
- Implication - making inferences from separate pieces of
(Note - Orton omits the Behavioural form of Content)
Main reference Guilford (1967)
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Last modified 31/1/00